Dyslipidemia refers to abnormal levels of one or more kinds of lipid (fats) in human blood. The term dyslipidemia describes a wide range of medical conditions;

  • Low-Density Lipoproteins: Low-Density Lipoproteins (LDL) is a type of bad cholesterol.
  • High-Density Lipoproteins: High-Density Lipoproteins (HDL) is a type of good cholesterol.
  • High Cholesterol: High cholesterol refers to high triglycerides and high LDL levels.
  • High Triglycerides: High triglycerides are frequently a signal of other health conditions that amplify the risk of medical conditions such as stroke, heart diseases, as well as type-2 diabetes.

Types Of Dyslipidemia

Hyperlipidemia (hypercholesterolemia) is a medical term used to describe abnormally high cholesterol levels in the blood.

Hypolipidemia is abnormally low levels of cholesterol in the blood.

 Causes Of Dyslipidemia

  • Obesity, especially excess weight around the waist
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Alcohol use disorder, also known as alcoholism
  • Diabetes
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Excessive consumption of fats, especially saturated and trans fats
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Inflammatory bowel disease, commonly known as IBS
  • An abdominal aortic aneurysm
  • Severe infections, such as HIV

Symptoms Of Dyslipidemia

  • Chest pain
  • Pressure and tightness on the chest
  • Shortness of breath
  • Pain in legs, especially when standing or walking
  • Pain, stiffness, and stress in the neck, shoulders, and back area
  • Indigestion and heartburn
  • Sleeping problems along with daytime fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Heart palpitations
  • Cold sweats
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, stomach, and veins of the neck
  • Fainting

Food That Should Be Avoided

  • Food containing too much sugar and carbohydrates.
  • Hydrogenated and Trans or unsaturated fats that increase cholesterol and additionally increase the risk of heart diseases.
  • Red meat and other animal products can also increase the risk of dyslipidemia.

Foods That Help To Decreases Dyslipidemia

  • Omega-3
  • Dietary fiber
  • Red yeast rice
  • Artichoke
  • Fenugreek
  • Gum residue guggulipid
  • Ginger
  • Garlic

Single Herbs For Dyslipidemia Treatment

Unani Compounds For Dyslipidemia Treatment

Preventions For Dyslipidemia

Lifestyle changes

One of the essential things in the natural treatments of dyslipidemia is to reduce body weight as well as perform regular exercise. Doing so will help to regulate blood cholesterol and decrease the high risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, especially coronary heart disease.

Stop smoking

This is important in controlling high blood cholesterol, decreasing the risk of coronary heart disease, and also improving high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. The mechanism of cigarette smoking will have an effect on lipid profile that also enhances oxidation of plasma LDL, which leads to endothelial function impairment.

Alcohol intake

Alcohol has adverse effects on cholesterol and lipid levels, also raising serum triglyceride and HDL cholesterol levels. It has a minimum effect on LDL cholesterol, however has effects on the body, including hepatic toxicity, cardiomyopathy, impaired reflexes, and psychosocial problems.


Exercise is important in reducing the chance of developing heart disease. In fact, it is important to reduce body weight, which can lead to reduced levels of fat and cholesterol. Physical activity and exercise can be an important factor to improve cholesterol levels, increase HDL, and lower LDL as well as triglycerides. For instance, aerobic exercises can improve lipid profiles.

End Note: Unani medicines should be taken under the guidance of a certified Unani Physician. To get optimum results, patients are required to follow the regimen strictly.